Integration of Biochemical, Biophysical and Transcriptomics Data for Investigating the Structural and Nanomechanical Properties of the Yeast Cell Wall - LAAS - Laboratoire d'Analyse et d'Architecture des Systèmes Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Microbiology Year : 2017

Integration of Biochemical, Biophysical and Transcriptomics Data for Investigating the Structural and Nanomechanical Properties of the Yeast Cell Wall

Abstract

The yeast cell is surrounded by a cell wall conferring protection and resistance to environmental conditions that can be harmful. Identify the molecular cues (genes) which shape the biochemical composition and the nanomechanical properties of the cell wall and the links between these two parameters represent a major issue in the understanding of the biogenesis and the molecular assembly of this essential cellular structure, which may have consequences in diverse biotechnological applications. We addressed this question in two ways. Firstly, we compared the biochemical and biophysical properties using atomic force microscopy (AFM) methods of 4 industrial strains with the laboratory sequenced strain BY4743 and used transcriptome data of these strains to infer biological hypothesis about differences of these properties between strains. This comparative approach showed a 4–6-fold higher hydrophobicity of industrial strains that was correlated to higher expression of genes encoding adhesin and adhesin-like proteins and not to their higher mannans content. The second approach was to employ a multivariate statistical analysis to identify highly correlated variables among biochemical, biophysical and genes expression data. Accordingly, we found a tight association between hydrophobicity and adhesion events that positively correlated with a set of 22 genes in which the main enriched GO function was the sterol metabolic process. We also identified a strong association of β-1,3-glucans with contour length that corresponds to the extension of mannans chains upon pulling the mannosyl units with the lectin-coated AFM tips. This association was positively correlated with a group of 27 genes in which the seripauperin multigene family was highly documented and negatively connected with a set of 23 genes whose main GO biological process was sulfur assimilation/cysteine biosynthetic process. On the other hand, the elasticity modulus was found weakly associated with levels of β-1,6-glucans, and this biophysical variable was positively correlated with a set of genes implicated in microtubules polymerization, tubulin folding and mitotic organization.
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Dates and versions

hal-01698344 , version 1 (01-02-2018)

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Marion A Schiavone, Sébastien Dejean, Nathalie Sieczkowski, Mathieu Castex, Etienne Dague, et al.. Integration of Biochemical, Biophysical and Transcriptomics Data for Investigating the Structural and Nanomechanical Properties of the Yeast Cell Wall. Frontiers in Microbiology, 2017, 8, pp.1806 ⟨10.3389/fmicb.2017.01806⟩. ⟨hal-01698344⟩
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