Conductance through a helical state in an Indium antimonide nanowire - LAAS - Laboratoire d'Analyse et d'Architecture des Systèmes Access content directly
Journal Articles Nature Communications Year : 2017

Conductance through a helical state in an Indium antimonide nanowire

Abstract

The motion of an electron and its spin are generally not coupled. However in a one-dimensional material with strong spin-orbit interaction (SOI) a helical state may emerge at finite magnetic fields, where electrons of opposite spin will have opposite momentum. The existence of this helical state has applications for spin filtering and cooper pair splitter devices and is an essential ingredient for realizing topologically protected quantum computing using Majorana zero modes. Here, we report measurements of a quantum point contact in an indium antimonide nanowire. At magnetic fields exceeding 3 T, the 2 e 2/h conductance plateau shows a re-entrant feature toward 1 e 2/h which increases linearly in width with magnetic field. Rotating the magnetic field clearly attributes this experimental signature to SOI and by comparing our observations with a numerical model we extract a spin-orbit energy of approximately 6.5 meV, which is stronger than the spin-orbit energy obtained by other methods.
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Dates and versions

hal-01712995 , version 1 (25-06-2019)

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J. Kammhuber, Maja Cassidy, F. Pei, M. Nowak, A. Vuik, et al.. Conductance through a helical state in an Indium antimonide nanowire. Nature Communications, 2017, 8, pp.478. ⟨10.1038/s41467-017-00315-y⟩. ⟨hal-01712995⟩
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